Periodontitis, or rather gum disease, is an infection that damages your soft tissue and also the bone that supports the teeth. If left untreated, the bone around your teeth progressively disappears. Periodontitis is basically inflammation that occurs around your teeth. Microorganisms, e.g., bacteria stick on the tooth surface and get lodged in the gum pockets and then multiply. The body’s immune system will then react, and as the toxins are removed, inflammation occurs.
The consequences of untreated periodontitis include tooth loss and risk of heart attack and stroke. The buildup of bacterial plaque is a leading cause of periodontitis. If not removed, the plaque hardens, forming calculus or tar. Practicing good oral hygiene can prevent most periodontal cases.
Treatment aims at cleaning out the bacteria lodged in the gum pockets, therefore, preventing further tissue and bone destruction. Our family-friendly dentist at Bay Port Dental Care may recommend the following to deal with gum disease:
Brushing and flossing regularly keep gum disease at bay. Proper dental care requires you to brush at least two times daily and floss once. You can use the interdental brush if the space between your teeth is enough.
Arthritis patients and those suffering from dexterity complications may use electric toothbrushes for thorough cleaning. Given its chronic nature, periodontitis is bound to recur if you do not maintain good dental hygiene practices.
Calculus and plaque have to be removed for the restoration of periodontal health. Scaling is done to clean beneath the gum line. The healthcare professional may use hand tools or ultrasonic devices to break up the calculus and plaque. Root planning focuses on smoothing rough areas found on the tooth roots.
Bacteria can accumulate in these rough patches and increase the chances of gum disease. This treatment procedure can be completed within one visit or even two, depending on the amount of calculus and plaque. Our dentist in Patchogue recommends cleaning twice yearly or even more frequently depending on how fast the plaque accumulates.
There is a variety of treatments available for this infection.
As mentioned before, surgery may be an option if non-surgical treatments and good dental hygiene fail. The options include:
Look out for the following signs:
The following people are more likely to contract periodontitis:
Periodontal disease is better prevented than treated. If it reaches a point where you need treatment, look for a periodontal treatment dentist near you. We at Bay Port Dental Care offer gum disease treatment in Blue Point.